Panama’s unique geographic location has resulted in a wealth of diversity in plant, animal and bird life. The protection of these natural resources is important in Panama, and almost 30% of the country has been set aside for conservation purposes. There are 14 Panama National Parks, as well as approximately 16 Panama Wildlife Refuges and Panama Reserves. The 14 National Parks encompass approximately 3.5 million acres of rainforest, jungles, mountain ranges, marine areas, beaches and desert landscapes, which cover around 22% of the surface area of the country. These areas are the habitat of almost 1,000 species of birds, as well as 220 mammals and 354 reptiles and amphibians.